OECD Fishing Commerce Data Analysis
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The Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) is an international organization founded to promote world traded and the economic development of its member nations. Fishing trade data is among the OECD's interest, and it has several datasets that describe the fishing economy of each nation. The data recorded by the OECD changes as the needs of its member nations change, and it frequently begins recording new data while also halting the acquisition of data that hasn't proven to be useful.
The code used for this project can be found on Github.
Discontinued Data Sets
Recently, the OECD has discontinued the a dataset that can be found here, in the OECD open data portal. This dataset records what the OECD characterizes as Foreign Landings at Domestic Ports (FLDP). FLDP is defined as a transaction between a member nation fishery and a foreign shipping partner, where the shipping partner sells a quantity of fish to the local fishery port. The OECD has stopped recording FLDP data in 2016, and this project explores the the data further to determine whether or not this data could still be useful to the OECD according to the organization's mission.
FLDP Data Set Analysis - Pt.
The FLDP data set was recorded between the years of 2000 to 2015. Each entry represents a single shipment received a member nation fishery, including:
- The name of the nation receiving the shipment
- The Year the shipment was received
- The species of fish received in the shipment
- The weight of the shipment in Tonnes
In the dataset, it is clear that certain member nations consistently receive a larger quantity of fish than in other nations year after year. It is clear that Norway receives the higher FLDP quantities than most OECD nations, and this is reflected by the consistency of Norway's reporting. Figure 1 shows a heatmap of the total FLDP shipments received by each member nation in Tonnes. Norway appears to be the clear leader in fishing imports, but in taking a closer look at the data, Norway's dominance might not be as pronounced as it appears.
FLDP Data Set Analysis - Pt. 2
In contrast to Norway, many nations fail to show the same consistency in their reporting. Nations that appear to receive smaller quantities of FDLP shipments demonstrate inconsistent trends. The most notable of these trends is the tendency to report no data in a given year. For example, in Spain, the total number of fish appears to decrease over the years of 2010 and 2012 until it reaches close to 0 tonnes in 2013. Spain failed to report FLDP metrics received in 2014 and 2015, the last two years that this data was recorded by the OECD. Figure 2 suggests that that several member nations did not engage in accurate reporting for various years between 2001 and 2015.
In the OECD data set documentation, each nation has a unique description of exactly how FDLP data is defined and reported. This implies that the OECD does not hold member nations to a universal measurement standard of reporting. Due to this inconsistency, it is not clear whether each member nation was recording comparable data. For example, Spain notes that it only records FLDP data from the EU, but it is unclear whether FLDP from non-EU countries are accepted by the Spanish Fisheries. Sweden refers users to a detailed documentation of it's reporting practices overseen by the Swedish Agency for Marine and Water Management, but it is not clear how this organization communicates with external nations and international affairs.
Given the OECD's mission statement to stimulate international economic progress it would be useful for the OECD to continue to record FLDP data. It can be inferred that the OECD has chosen to stop recording FLDP data because of the inconsistency in reporting and not because of the lack of impact this data could have on economic development. Other fishery and aquaculture metrics, for example the Fishery Support Estimate (FSE), have clear international standards for evaluating economic development that are consistent across all member nations. If the OECD were able to adopt similar standards for FLDP records, this data could remain useful to the OECD's mission.